Art of the Islands, Michelle P. Brown

artoftheislandsReviewer: Wouter van Dijk

Art of the Islands. Celtic, Pictish, Anglo-Saxon and Viking Visual Culture c.450-1050, Michelle P. Brown

Bodleian Library, Oxford 2016
ISBN: 978 1 85124 446 1

Paperback, with 120 colour illustrations, with bibliography and index
240 pages
£25,00 / €31,99


The art of the early medieval British Isles

The early middle ages were a period of great change for the inhabitants of Britain and the islands surrounding it. First there was the departure of the Roman army, and then came the invading Irish in the west and Saxons in the east which brought not only political upheaval, but cultural and artistic change as well. Marauding and settling Vikings from around the year 800 onwards made sure further adjustments to the dominant art styles in Britain were made. The way these changes came to be, and what they looked like in practice is subject to Michelle Browns book.

Brown is Professor Emerita of Medieval Manuscript Studies at the University of London and former Curator of Illuminated Manuscripts at the British Library. She divides her book in five chapters that chronologically describe the development in art in the British Isles from the departure of the Roman bureaucracy up to the eve of the Norman Conquest. When reading the book one is struck by the wealth of illustrations present, a welcome complement to the text. After giving an introductory overview of the historical context in which the art of the islands developed, Brown describes the impact the Irish but mostly Germanic incursions had on the evolution of artistic behaviour in Britain. The clash between the Christian Britons and the pagan Saxons, Jutes, Frisians and Angles was harsh but yielded also an interesting merge between Christian-Celtic British art designs and the animal-inspired interlace designs of Anglo-Saxon origin. Before Saxon invasions however, there had been the melting together of Christian and pagan Celtic elements in British art so with the Germanic newcomers a third influence was absorbed into the artistic spectre. Later on at the end of the eighth century, with the Anglo-Saxons firmly established on the island and the Britons driven back to the western fringes in Wales, Cumbria and Cornwall, a new wave of pagan influence swept over Britain and its surrounding islands